Endometriosis is when endometrial tissue develops outside the uterus, causing inflammation, discomfort, and infertility.
Stages of Endometriosis:
Stage 1 — Minimal
A few superficial lesions, or implants, on the tissue of your pelvis or abdomen with little to no scar tissue.
Stage 2 – Mild
Implants are deeper with some scar tissue.
Stage 3— Moderate
Multiple deep lesions, small cysts on your ovaries, and thick bands of scar tissue.
Stage 4 — Severe
Widespread deep tissue implants, thick scar tissue, and larger cysts on both ovaries
Your healthcare provider may perform:
Imaging of your internal organs using sound waves.
Imaging with computer technology and X-rays to see abnormalities in the body.
Two-dimensional imaging of your organs.
Performed by inserting a tiny tube with a camera into your abdomen to assess endometrial growth.
Over-the-counter pain medicine to relieve discomfort.
Hormones to decrease menstrual symptoms and ovulation.
A small scope is used to find and remove endometrial growths.
Removal of the uterus.
What does endometriosis have to do with infertility?
20-40% of women with infertility have endometriosis.
Endometriosis results in inflammation, affecting the function of your reproductive organs.
It causes scar tissue formation in the pelvic area and adhesion-related distortions of the fallopian tubes, interfering with egg fertilization and implantation.
Contact Reproductive Gynecology and Infertility (RGI) to learn more about endometriosis and infertility treatments.