Stages of Endometriosis

Endometriosis is when endometrial tissue develops outside the uterus, causing inflammation, discomfort, and infertility.

Stages of Endometriosis:

Stage 1 — Minimal

A few superficial lesions, or implants, on the tissue of your pelvis or abdomen with little to no scar tissue.

Stage 2 – Mild

Implants are deeper with some scar tissue.

Stage 3— Moderate

Multiple deep lesions, small cysts on your ovaries, and thick bands of scar tissue.

Stage 4 — Severe

Widespread deep tissue implants, thick scar tissue, and larger cysts on both ovaries

Diagnosing Endometriosis:

Your healthcare provider may perform:

Ultrasound

Imaging of your internal organs using sound waves.

CT Scan

Imaging with computer technology and X-rays to see abnormalities in the body.

MRI

Two-dimensional imaging of your organs.

Laparoscopy

Performed by inserting a tiny tube with a camera into your abdomen to assess endometrial growth.

Endometriosis Treatment:

Pain relief

Over-the-counter pain medicine to relieve discomfort.

Hormone therapy

Hormones to decrease menstrual symptoms and ovulation.

Laparoscopy

A small scope is used to find and remove endometrial growths.

Hysterectomy

Removal of the uterus.

What does endometriosis have to do with infertility?

20-40% of women with infertility have endometriosis.

Endometriosis results in inflammation, affecting the function of your reproductive organs.

It causes scar tissue formation in the pelvic area and adhesion-related distortions of the fallopian tubes, interfering with egg fertilization and implantation.

Contact Reproductive Gynecology and Infertility (RGI) to learn more about endometriosis and infertility treatments.